As mentioned in the recent bulletin, the Institute is making aggressive moves to ensure our long-term stability while concurrently seeking new permanent headquarters.  Our programs and extensive membership will be better served by a new, vibrant space in which we can dedicate ourselves to our mission and our goals.

Expanding Our Network 

The “Campaign for the Future” will ensure that the Institute’s programs thrive for years to come. In order to accomplish this goal, the Institute seeks to expand its network and introduce our programs/services to new individuals, companies and foundations.  Specifically, over the past 6 weeks, the campaign staff has performed extensive prospect researches and identified over 60 companies and foundations that have commercial and programmatic interests in both the U.S.A. and Poland.  We have subsequently written to these prospects seeking to launch a dialogue and/or secure philanthropic funding for the Institute.  The Development Team is continuing the outreach and cultivation of these and other logical prospects.

The Role You Can Play:

  • You can help the “Campaign for the Future” by either making a financial donation or by making an introduction to a donor, corporation or foundation which may be interested in supporting the organization. Coming soon you will see a dedicated “Campaign for the Future” hub online.
  • Hosting a “campaign briefing” at your office or in your home for a group of 10 or more interested individuals. If you are willing to assist in this way, please be aware that the Institute will send a representative to give a briefing on the Institute and why our Campaign is relevant.
  • Consider volunteering for “Campaign for the Future” by joining the “Campaign Steering Committee”. Committee members volunteer to support the Development Team’s objectives; members assist with mailings, introductions to potential supporters and assist in marketing the Campaign within their own network.

The Institute is a non-profit organization and therefore membership dues and donations are tax deductible.  Please make your check or money order payable to The Pilsudski Institute of America or make a gift online.  If you have any questions about the Campaign please contact the Institute by telephone or email. 

Thank you for your tireless commitment to our mission.

linked-data280A fragment of a Linked Data Graph from

Linked Data is a relatively new phenomenon in the World Wide Web, providing access to structured data. What is structured data? World Wide Web is now a universal vehicle for human-readable information - all websites, articles, apps give us information that we can read and interpret, for example an answer to the question “when is the next bus coming to this bus stop?” Such information is not easy for a computer to read - it does not know what “this stop” means, whether you are waiting a specific line or any bus, etc. Computers require information with a structure, which for example can take form of label:value pairs (“bus stop number:4398, bus line:Q11, distance from the stop:2.5 miles, etc.).

Information is commonly stored in databases, which have evolved to be very efficient in data storage and retrieval, but terrible in information sharing. Each database has lots of columns, each named differently and only the local computer system knows how to retrieve the data. This is where the new concept, Linked Data, comes to the rescue. Linked Data is an system  that makes computers understand each other by labeling databases with metadata. Its metadata scheme, RDF (resource description framework), requires that data comes not in provincial tables, but in universally readable RDF sentences, consisting of subject, predicate and object. Instead of invented column names we use standard names arranged in ontologies, and instead of a textual description of the  subject of the RDF sentence we use its identifier, URI (Universal Resource Identifier). Thus, instead of the trivial for the human reader information about the title of this blog (after all we can read it above, right?) we get a structured sentence or “triple” in RDF lingo, [ - dc:title - “Linked Data part 2: Where Is the Data?”]. The first part is the URI or unique “address” of this article, the second means “title” in a specific metadata standard (Dublin Core), and the third part is the actual title.

This year the  Jozef Pilsudski Institute of America awarded prizes to outstanding individuals in recognition of their achievements in five areas.

jan czekajewskiJózef Pilsudski Achievement and Leadership Award

– Jan Czekajewski

Jan Czekajewski is a scholar and specialist in the field of medical research. he is the owner of  "Columbus Instruments”, a firm exporting over seventy different scientific instruments to more than fifty countries around the world. John Czekajewski is involved in Polish communities, is a member of Polonia Technica and of PIASA. He is is active in journalism,  in defense of the good name of Poland and of Poles.

krzysztof szwagrzykWacław Jędrzejewicz History Medal

– Krzysztof Szwagrzyk

Doc. dr. Krzysztof Szwagrzyk, historian, head of the Office of Public Education in Wroclaw; he is a researcher specializing in the structures of the communist repression apparatus in Poland and the underground resistance in the years 1945-1956. He leads a team of scientists searching for the remains of victims of the communist regime buried in the Warsaw Powązki Cemetery .

tadeusz puaskiJoseph Conrad-Korzeniowski Literature Medal

– Tadeusz Płużański

Tadeusz Pluzanski is the author of " Beasts: Murderers of Poles" that includes records of investigative reporting of officers handing out court sentences during the  Stalin years after the war. He publishes in a number of magazines and heads the review section  in " Super Express" .



tadeusz-massalskiMarie Skłodowska – Curie Science Medal 

- Tadeusz Massalski

Professor T. Massalski is an outstanding scientist in the field of metal physics, professor emeritus at  Carnegie Mellon University, who holds honorary doctorates from the Technical University of Warsaw (1973) and Technical University of Turin (2011).



janusz skowron

Ignacy Paderewski Art and Music Medal

– Janusz Skowron

Janusz Skowron is an artist covering painting, drawing, and graphics. To date he has participated in over 100 exhibitions in the U.S., Europe and Asia . He is a member of several arts-related organizations and organizes cultural programs for senior Poles living in New York.

Congratulations !

Józef Piłsudski - ze zbiorów Instytutu

The "Marshal Jozef Pilsudski Leadership and Achievement Award" was awarded to Bogdan Chmielewski, President and CEO of the Polish & Slavic Federal Credit Union. With this award Pilsudski Institute of America appreciates Bogdan Chmielewski's achievements of in the Polish banking in the United States and in support for the Polish-American institutions.


Wacław Jędrzejewicz History Medal - projekt Jerzy Kardasiński

The "Waclaw Jedrzejewicz History Medal" has been awarded to professor Wojciech Roszkowski, historian and economist, for contributions to research in the history of the twentieth century Poland and for historical education of the young generation.



Ignacy Paderewski Arts and Music Medal - projekt Kazimierz Kardasiński

The "Ignacy Paderewski Art and Music Medal" has been awarded to Alina Czerniakowska, filmmaker and television journalist, for achievements in the creation of films documenting the communist regime in Poland, biographies of prominent politicians and Polish patriots and important historical events.

The award ceremony will take place during the annual Pilsudski Institute Awards Gala on 30 October 2015.

wschod-ziemi-280Wschód ziemi. W dolnej części odzyskane zdjęcie wysokiej jakości.

NASA opublikowało niedawno nowo odzyskane zdjęcia z sond księżycowych, wysyłanych  w latach 1966-67 w ramach programu "Lunar Orbiter". Różnica jakości pomiędzy starymi, opublikowanymi zdjęciami i nowym materiałem jest uderzająca. Historia uratowania materiału i odtworzenia wysokiej jakości obrazów jest pouczająca, a zaczyna się od roku 1986, kiedy to archiwistka Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Nancy Evans zdecydowała, że nie może, w dobrej wierze, zwyczajnie wyrzucić starego materiału.

Sondy wyposażone były kamery wysokiej jakości, z podwójnymi obiektywami, i wykonywały duże ilości zdjęć na taśmie 70 mm. Taśmy były potem wywoływane na pokładzie sondy, zdjęcia były skanowane i wysyłane na ziemię. Modulowany sygnał z sondy, był zapisywany na taśmę magnetyczną, wraz z komentarzami operatorów. Następnie cała sonda (z oryginałami zdjęć) była bezceremonialnie rozbijana o powierzchnię księżyca. Taśmy magnetyczne były wykorzystane do wydrukowania dużych obrazów na papierze (wynajmowano stare kościoły aby rozwiesić ogromne arkusze), które używano do zidentyfikowania potencjalnych miejsc lądowania na księżycu. Następnie taśmy były załadowane do pudeł i zapomniane.

W 2005 dwaj entuzjaści z NASA, Keith Cowing i Dennis Wingo rozpoczęli prace nad odtworzeniem taśm, które w międzyczasie zmieniały kilkakrotnie miejsce przechowywania. Napęd taśm, bardzo rzadko spotykany Ampex FR-90, został zlokalizowany w szopie Nancy Evans, i grupa rozpoczęła pracę nad odzyskaniem obrazów. Wymagało to odbudowania napędu, odtworzenia nieistniejących już części i elektroniki, konwersji zmodulowanego sygnału na zapis cyfrowy, a następnie cierpliwego poskładania fragmentów zdjęć w jedno. Po odzyskaniu pierwszego zdjęcia ("Wschód ziemi", patrz wyżej), zespól, pracujący do tej pory ochotniczo, uzyskał finansowanie z NASA na kontynuowanie projektu. Od 2007 udało się odzyskać ok. 2000 zdjęć księżyca, ze zdumiewającymi szczegółami.